Brain injuries are classified under two distinct categories. They are either acquired or result from trauma. Acquired brain injuries occur from the moment of birth and may include traumatic injuries as well as brain haemorrhage, tumour, encephalitis, or stroke.
Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
A traumatic brain injury, also called a TBI, results from a head injury or trauma to the head. TBIs may develop from road mishaps, accidents at home or work, or from falls or assaults. The effects of this type of injury often depend on several factors including the location and type of accident and the injury’s severity.
A Basic Overview of the Brain’s Design
The brain itself is actually lightweight and weighs only about 1.5kg. The organ is connected by the brain stem to the spinal column. The cerebellum is located behind the brain stem. The largest part of the brain is the cerebral cortex. This part of the brain contains the motor cortex, frontal lobes, parietal lobes, and sensory cortex. About 100 billion nerve cells are located in the brain. So, the workings of the organ can be quite complex.
Various Brain Functions
For example, the parietal lobe of the brain is used for such functions as spelling and perception. On the other hand, the Wernicke’s area is used to help understand language. The occipital lobe, which is located in the back of the head, is used for seeing whilst the temporal lobe is responsible for such brain operations as memory, recognition, and the generation of emotions.
Obtaining Injury Compensation
The frontal lobe of the brain covers a number of areas including behavioural control, problem-solving, planning, socialisation, and movement. Therefore, when one of these areas is damaged, a specific activity or activities can be impacted. So, brain injury compensation in Kent, when submitted by a litigant, is determined by the extent of the impairment and how it occurred.
The Cerebral Hemispheres
Again, the largest area of the brain is the cerebral cortex. Scientists often suggest that this brain area resembles a wrinkled walnut. The cerebral cortex is separated in two halves that are linked by a bridge. These two halves are called the left and right cerebral hemispheres. Whilst the left side controls the right side of the body, the right side is in charge of the body’s left quadrant.
The Location of the Injury
Therefore, damage to the right side of the brain may affect the hearing of the left ear or the movement of the left arm. Also, the left hemisphere of the cerebral cortex controls speech whilst the right hemisphere is used to control musical activities or spatial skills. So, if you received an injury on the left side of the brain, your ability to speak would probably be affected.
Other Areas Where Brain Injuries Occur
The skull or cranium of the brain is meant to protect it. However, the skull also features a number of ridges, any of which can lacerate the brain’s soft tissue in an accident. Also, the brain stem controls such bodily operations as consciousness, blood pressure, and wakefulness. So, injury to this area can result in a loss of consciousness or concussion.
As you can see, a brain injury can definitely affect your ability to carry on specific tasks or activities. So, if you have suffered injury in this area, make sure you obtain the needed legal advice.